Monarch

Danaus plexippus

The Monarch is found throughout Wisconsin and is one of the most recognized and widely distributed butterflies in North America. Monarchs migrate north into Wisconsin in May. Wisconsin has several generations, with the last generation migrating to Mexico. Large numbers of these butterflies may be seen at night roosting together during this migration. These large groups are most common along Lake Michigan or the Wisconsin and Mississippi Rivers.

Weekly sightings for Monarch

Identifying characteristics

A large butterfly, mainly orange with black wing veins and margins, with two rows of white spots in the black margins. The Monarch is much lighter below on the hindwing, and males have a scent patch — a dark spot along the vein — in the center of the hindwing.

Similar species

In Wisconsin, the Viceroy is very similar in coloration and markings, but is smaller and has a dark line through the middle of the hindwing, crossing the veins. The Viceroy is the only butterfly likely to be confused with a Monarch.

Habitat

During their migration they may be found anywhere, but they lay eggs on a variety of Milkweed plants, in both upland and lowlands, and can often be found along woodland edges where milkweeds are prevalent. The Monarch is very fond of nectaring on whatever is abundant and in flower at the time, so the best place to look for them is open areas with abundant nectar sources.

Flight

The Monarch has several broods in Wisconsin, with the final brood migrating to Mexico. It is found from mid-May to late October in southern Wisconsin.

Abundance

The Monarch is found throughout the state, and undoubtedly can be found in every county. The numbers of this species often increase as the year goes on, and I have counted over 100 individuals on several occasions.

Locations

Map showing sighting locations for Monarch
Map key
MonarchClick to enlarge

Buena Vista Marsh, Portage Co., WI, June 29, 2005.

MonarchClick to enlarge

Buena Vista Marsh, Portage Co., WI, August 28, 2002.

MonarchClick to enlarge

Rocky Run Oak Savanna SNA, Columbia Co., WI, August 10, 2005.

MonarchClick to enlarge

Germania Marsh, Marquette Co., WI, June 29, 2002.

MonarchClick to enlarge

Suicide Hill, Swamp Rd., Wautoma, Waushara Co., WI, August 10, 1999.

MonarchClick to enlarge

South of Coloma, Waushara Co., WI, May 31, 2004.