American Snout

Libytheana carinenta

The American Snout is one of the few butterflies that is immediately identifiable even to someone who has never seen it, because of its unique characteristic: members of the Snout family have enlarged palpi that look very much like a snout.

This species probably replenishes itself in Wisconsin each year from farther south. This species is known to have huge migrations in the southwestern United States and Mexico, where it may become so abundant that the butterflies literally darken the sky.

Weekly sightings for American Snout

Identifying characteristics

The most distinguishing characteristic is the extra long palpi that resemble a snout. The sexes are essentially the same with the upper surface somewhat brownish with central orange splotches on both wings and several white spots near the forewing tips. Below it resembles a dead leaf with various shades of gray and brown. Orange patches may be seen on the forewing below if the wings are more open.

Similar species

None in Wisconsin.


The American Snout prefers wooded areas where the larval host plant Hackberry is found.


At least two generations a year possible. This species migrates north each year in May or June and may become established and rear at least a second brood.


Not common in Wisconsin, but more common in the southern part of the state where its host plant Hackberry is found.

Early American Snout Sightings

Date County Reported by
May 10, 2023 Dane Ann Thering
May 13, 2012 Milwaukee Terry Leasa
May 13, 2012 Dane Andy Paulios
May 13, 2012 Milwaukee Judith Huf
May 14, 2012 Vernon Aaron Carlson & Armund...


Map showing sighting locations for American Snout
Map key
American SnoutClick to enlarge

Cherokee Marsh, Madison, WI. July 28, 2006.

American SnoutClick to enlarge

Cherokee Marsh, Madison, WI. July 28, 2006.

American SnoutClick to enlarge

Sand Ridge State Park, Mason Co., IL. August 28, 2010.

American Snout

Photo © 2005 tom lewis

Bell Slough WMA, Faulkner Co., AR. February 21, 2005.