Purplish Fritillary

Boloria montinus

The Purplish Fritillary was first discovered in Wisconsin on August 10, 1991 at Lyman Lake Bog by Robbye Johnson. In the American Butterflies Fall 1998 issue, Jeff Nekola lists likely Purplish Fritillary locations in Douglas County. I checked out these spots and I found them easily, and in substantial numbers, nectaring on Joe-Pye-Weed, Boneset, and Flat-topped Aster.

There are only five site where these butterflies can be found in Wisconsin, all in a small area of Douglas County. There are scattered colonies in northeastern Minnesota, but none as yet have been found in Michigan. The name of this butterfly is still very much in dispute. The common name and the scientific names have both changed within the last ten years, and it is somewhat confusing when looking at older references. The Wisconsin DNR Online Field Guide to rare Lepidoptera still lists this species as the Arctic Fritillary (Bolaria chariclea). Regardless of what one calls it, it is a rare butterfly in Wisconsin and is listed as a species of special concern.

Weekly sightings for Purplish Fritillary

Identifying characteristics

Above, the Purplish Fritillary is very similar to the other lesser Fritillaries, with an orange base and a variety of black markings. On the Purplish Fritillary the wing margins have a very distinct white markings, but in general are fairly dark. There is a submarginal row of black spots that are rounder in the forewing than in the hindwing. Below, the hindwing has a row of thin white spots in the margin, and the hindwing does have a somewhat purplish sheen when fresh.

Similar species

All the lesser fritillaries (Bolaria sp.) are somewhat similar above. Only the Meadow Fritillary and the Silver-bordered Fritillary are flying at the same time the Purplish Fritillary is flying in August, which reduces confusion considerably. Only the Silver-bordered and Purplish have white markings on the margins of the wings, but the Silver-bordered has much smaller dark spots in the wings above. Below, the row of thin white spots on the hindwing margin of the Purplish Fritillary are distinctive and are not found in any of the lesser fritillaries.

Habitat

Bogs, but does come out to the bog edges to nectar on a variety of plants.

Flight

One brood. They may be found from the last week in July through the third week in August. These photos were taken August 2-3, 2005, but the butterflies had been out for nearly a week. There were still many individuals flying a week later.

Abundance

In Wisconsin these butterflies only occur in a small area in Douglas County. Although they may seem abundant when they are found, any individuals seen represent a large portion of the population of this butterfly in Wisconsin.

Early Purplish Fritillary Sightings

Date County Reported by
Jul 20, 2012 Douglas Mike Reese
Jul 24, 2016 Douglas Scott and Ann Swengel
Jul 25, 2015 Douglas Scott and Ann Swengel
Jul 26, 2014 Douglas Scott and Ann Swengel
Jul 28, 2007 Douglas Ann & Scott Swengel

Locations

Map showing sighting locations for Purplish Fritillary
Map key
Purplish FritillaryClick to enlarge

Douglas Co., WI, August 3, 2005.

Purplish FritillaryClick to enlarge

Douglas Co., WI, August 3, 2005.

Purplish FritillaryClick to enlarge

Douglas Co., WI, August 3, 2005.

Purplish FritillaryClick to enlarge

Douglas Co., WI, August 2, 2005.